By: BG Varghese
Reviewed by: T. J. S. George
Out of the blue, as it were, a new and wholly unexpected voice broke above the newspaper din in India in 1959. In a politics - obsessed world, this voice began talking about development projects — Bhakra Nangal, Damodar Valley, Hirakund, Nagarjunsagar — and then about "brand names of distinction" like HAL, HMT, BHEL, ONGC etc. These were all new terms at that time and the overall picture that came through was that of a massive change under way in the thinking as well as structural composition of India. It was as good as a scoop.
That was B. G. Varghese’s entry into public attention. He had entered journalism ten years earlier, unplanned and unprepared, and spent time writing editorial notes until he got himself transferred to reporting. His ground - breaking reportage on "the temples of modern India" was a departure for journalism itself. Varghese’s editors in the Times of India recognised this and published his series on the front page. (Those were the days when the TOI was a Newspaper led by some of the finest journalists India has known).
The freshness of his "Bharat Darshan" tours and the importance of the message his reports conveyed remained the trademarks of Varghese’s journalism ever since. It made him a unique institution not comparable to anybody else in the vast galaxy of Indian journalism. It gave his career a historical edge. Hence the relevance of his just - published autobiography, a big - ticket 573 - page tome called First Draft: Witness to the Making of Modern India (Tranquebar).
Frank Moraes, once Varghese’s editor, titled his political autobiography Witness to an Era. Both men were witnesses to great events and both were professionals to the core. But there, comparison ends. Moraes was ideologically partisan: Pro - American, pro - big business, anti - communist. Varghese has strong views, but no ideological hang - ups.
Varghese crammed several lives into one. He was a reporter, an editor, a traveller, a bureaucrat as information adviser to the Prime Minister, visiting professor at the Centre for Policy Research, Fellow of the Administrative Staff College of India, Chairman of the Commonwealth Human Rights Commission and of course, author. The journalist prevails over all others in the writing of this autobiography. So his account of events, his references to the dramatis personae and his summing - up observations have the appeal of honesty, not the evasiveness of diplomacy.
His stint as adviser to Indira Gandhi allows him to speak frankly about the reality of high - level activities — how drafts for after - dinner speeches are finalised only after the dinner has started, how the Government does not work out a world view and relies instead on tired slogans, "the haphazard manner in which government functioned and the Prime Minister's inexperience in so many matters." Varghese’s assessment of Indira Gandhi is the highlight of the book. He pays tribute to her qualities of leadership, the dignity of her deportment, her pride in India. But he is unsparing in his condemnation of the Emergency, the "savage and thoroughly illegal demolition orgy" of Sanjay Gandhi and of Indira's own "split personality."
B. G. Varghese is a serious person, concerned with serious, "un - sexy" topics like water resources. That makes his humour more appealing. The quality of his mind is reflected in the lightness with which he describes his introduction to the Prime Minister's Secretariat.
"There was no air conditioner in the room as the previous incumbent was a mere Deputy Secretary who “as per rules” was not entitled to feel overly hot. The official theory was that the blood grew thinner with ascending seniority, entitling the officer to one, two or more air conditioners. The same theory worked for arm rests, back rests and foot rests… Nor did I allow my chaprassi to hover around the car park in the morning to relieve me of my briefcase the moment I arrived. Official research had established that senior officers carry so much responsibility that the weight of a briefcase could do incalculable damage to their spine."
His briefcase tightly held in his own hand, Varghese kept his spine straight and walked tall.